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Sonata : un client graphique pour mpd

Voici un lecteur de musique léger et complet. Il lit la musique avec mpd en arrière plan. Voyons ici comment configurer ce démon rapidement pour utiliser pleinement Sonata.

Avantages

Léger, rapide, ne prend pas toutes les ressources de l'ordi, dispose de fonctionnalités intéressantes, utilisation de mpd, un démon qui peut être contrôlé de multiples façons (un jeu en interface graphique, et une gestion de la musique sur le tt1 (Ctrl+Alt+F1))…

Inconvénients

Il faut savoir configurer mpd

Installation

Installez les paquets Sonata et mpd :

apt-get install sonata mpd

Configuration

Copiez le fichier /etc/mpd.conf dans votre dossier utilisateur, sous le nom .mpdconf

cp /etc/mpd.conf ~/.mpdconf

créez les dossiers éventuels :

mkdir ~/.mpd
mkdir ~/.mpd/playlists

éditez le fichier .mpdconf à votre guise. voici un exemple utile : (commenter les lignes "user", "bind to adress")

######################## REQUIRED PATHS ########################
# You can put symlinks in here, if you like. Make sure that
# the user that mpd runs as (see the 'user' config parameter)
# can read the files in this directory.

music_directory		"~/Musique"
playlist_directory	"~/.mpd/playlists"
db_file			"~/.mpd/tag_cache"
log_file		"~/.mpd/mpd.log"
error_file		"~/.mpd/errors.log"
################################################################


######################## OPTIONAL PATHS ########################
#
# If you wish to use mpd --kill to stop MPD, then you must
# specify a file here in which to store MPD's process ID.
#
pid_file		"~/.mpd/pid"
#
# If specified, MPD will save its current state (playlist,
# current song, playing/paused, etc.) at exit.  This will be
# used to restore the session the next time it is run.
#########LÀ, C'EST SI TU VEUX ENREGISTRER OÙ ETAIT RENDU LA DERNIERE CHANSON JOUÉE
state_file		"~/.mpd/state"
#
################################################################


######################## DAEMON OPTIONS ########################
#
# If started as root, MPD will drop root privileges and run as
# this user instead.  Otherwise, MPD will run as the user it was
# started by.  If left unspecified, MPD will not drop root
# privileges at all (not recommended).
#########
#user                            "user"
#
# The address and port to listen on.
########ICI AUSSI TU PEUX COMMENTER POUR ÉVITER CERTAINS SOUCIS QUE PEUVENT PRÉSENTER CERTAINS CLIENTS
#bind_to_address                 ""
port                            "6600"
#
# If the address is a path, then a UNIX domain socket will be
# created instead of listening on a TCP port.
#
#bind_to_address                 "/var/run/mpd/sock"
#
# Controls the amount of information that is logged.  Can be
# "default", "secure", or "verbose".
#
#log_level                       "default"
#
################################################################


########################### ZEROCONF ###########################
#
# If yes, service information will be published with Zeroconf.
#
#zeroconf_enabled                "yes"
#
# The service name to publish.  This name should be unique on
# your local network.
#
#zeroconf_name                   "Music Player"
#
################################################################


########################## PERMISSIONS #########################
#
# MPD can require that users specify a password before using it.
# You may specify one ore more here, along with what users who
# log in with that password are allowed to do.
#
#password                        "password@read,add,control,admin"
#
# Specifies what permissions a user who has not logged in with a
# password has.  By default, all users have full access to MPD
# if no password is specified above, or no access if one or
# more passwords are specified.
#
#default_permissions             "read,add,control,admin"
#
################################################################


########################## AUDIO OUTPUT ########################
#
# MPD supports many audio output types, as well as playing
# through multiple audio outputs at the same time.  You can
# specify one or more here.  If you don't specify any, MPD will
# automatically scan for a usable audio output.
#
# See <http://mpd.wikia.com/wiki/Configuration#Audio_Outputs>
# for examples of other audio outputs.
#
# An example of an ALSA output:
##########ICI TU CONFIGURE TON AUDIO, POUR LE RÉGLER AVEC LES CLIENTS SI BESOIN (ATTENTION À
#DÉCOMMENTER TOUTES LES "{}" :)
#
#
#

audio_output {
        type                    "alsa"
        name                    "My ALSA Device"
#        device                  "hw:0,0"     # optional
#        format                  "44100:16:2" # optional
}
#
# An example of an OSS output:
#
#audio_output {
#        type                    "oss"
#        name                    "My OSS Device"
#        device                  "/dev/dsp"   # optional
#        format                  "44100:16:2" # optional
#}
#
# An example of a shout output (for streaming to Icecast):
#
#audio_output {
#        type                    "shout"
#        encoding                "ogg"                   # optional
#        name                    "My Shout Stream"
#        host                    "localhost"
#        port                    "8000"
#        mount                   "/mpd.ogg"
#        password                "hackme"
#        quality                 "5.0"
#        bitrate                 "128"
#        format                  "44100:16:1"
#        user                    "source"                # optional
#        description             "My Stream Description" # optional
#        genre                   "jazz"                  # optional
#        public                  "no"                    # optional
#        timeout                 "2"                     # optional
#}
#
# An example of a null output (for no audio output):
#
#audio_output {
#        type                    "null"
#        name                    "My Null Output"
#}
#
# Force all decoded audio to be converted to this format before
# being passed to the audio outputs.
#
#audio_output_format             "44100:16:2"
#
# If MPD has been compiled with libsamplerate support, this
# specifies the sample rate converter to use.  Possible
# values can be found in the mpd.conf man page or the
# libsamplerate documentation.
#
#samplerate_converter            "Fastest Sinc Interpolator"
#
################################################################


############################# MIXER ############################
#
# MPD needs to know what mixer settings to change when you
# adjust the volume.  If you don't specify one here, MPD will
# pick one based on which ones it was compiled with support for.
#
# An example for controlling an ALSA mixer:
#
mixer_type                      "alsa"
mixer_device                    "default"
mixer_control                   "PCM"
#
# An example for controlling an OSS mixer:
#
#mixer_type                      "oss"
#mixer_device                    "/dev/mixer"
#mixer_control                   "PCM"
#
# If you want MPD to adjust the volume of audio sent to the
# audio outputs, you can tell it to use the software mixer:
#
#mixer_type                      "software"
#
################################################################


######################### NORMALIZATION ########################
#
# Specifies the type of ReplayGain to use.  Can be "album" or
# "track".  ReplayGain will not be used if not specified.  See
# <http://www.replaygain.org> for more details.
#
#replaygain                      "album"
#
# Sets the pre-amp used for files that have ReplayGain tags.
#
#replaygain_preamp               "0"
#
# Enable on the fly volume normalization.  This will cause the
# volume of all songs played to be adjusted so that they sound
# as though they are of equal loudness.
#
#volume_normalization            "no"
#
################################################################


########################### BUFFERING ##########################
#
# The size of the buffer containing decoded audio.  You probably
# shouldn't change this.
#
#audio_buffer_size               "2048"
#
# How much of the buffer to fill before beginning to play.
# Increase this if you hear skipping when changing songs.
#
#buffer_before_play              "10%"
#
# Similar options for the HTTP stream buffer.  If you hear
# skipping while playing HTTP streams, you may wish to increase
# these.
#
#http_buffer_size                "128"
#http_prebuffer_size             "25%"
#
################################################################


########################### HTTP PROXY #########################
#
# Specifies the HTTP proxy to use for playing HTTP streams.
#
#http_proxy_host                 "proxy.isp.com"
#http_proxy_port                 "8080"
#http_proxy_user                 "user"
#http_proxy_password             "password"
#
################################################################


############################# LIMITS ###########################
#
# These are various limits to prevent MPD from using too many
# resources.  You should only change them if they start
# restricting your usage of MPD.
#
#connection_timeout              "60"
#max_connections                 "5"
#max_playlist_length             "16384"
#max_command_list_size           "2048"
#max_output_buffer_size          "8192"
#
################################################################


###################### CHARACTER ENCODINGS #####################
#
# If file or directory names do not display correctly, then you
# may need to change this.  In most cases it should be either
# "ISO-8859-1" or "UTF-8".  You must recreate your database
# after changing this (use mpd --create-db).
#
filesystem_charset              "UTF-8"
#
# The encoding that ID3v1 tags should be converted from.
#
id3v1_encoding                  "UTF-8"
#
################################################################


######################### OTHER OPTIONS ########################
#
# Try disabling this if you have MP3s which appear to end
# abruptly.  If this solves the problem, it is highly
# recommended that you fix your MP3s with vbrfix (available from
# <http://www.willwap.co.uk/Programs/vbrfix.php>), at which
# point you can re-enable support for gapless MP3 playback.
#
#gapless_mp3_playback             "yes"
#
# Enable this if you wish to use your MPD created playlists in
# other music players.
#
#save_absolute_paths_in_playlists "no"
#
# A list of tag types that MPD will scan for and make available
# to clients.
#
#metadata_to_use "artist,album,title,track,name,genre,date,composer,performer,disc"
#
################################################################

Voilà, il ne vous reste plus qu'à lancer mpd (vous pouvez l'automatiser en le mettant en début de session).



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